Frequently Asked Questions (IRB)
Does my teaching study require IRB approval?
The answer is yes, if:
- You will be using the data in your dissertation or thesis.
- The data will be published (including at the Georgia State library).
- The data will be used to create a presentation that will be given at a peer-reviewed or professional conference.
The answer is no, if:
- You will be collecting the data only to better your teaching skills.
- The data will be shared only on a casual basis with other teachers close to you.
- You will share the data only within the school.
- You will present the data only to the principal.
- You will be presenting the data only to your teacher, class members, and other Georgia State students and faculty (not for a thesis or dissertation).
If you will be using a publicly available, de-identified data set, please see the policy for those data sets at Policy for Publicly Available Archival and Secondary Data.
It is recommended that all researchers undertaking oral history projects contact the Georgia State IRB Office to discuss their proposed oral history activities to ascertain whether the project requires IRB approval.
Studies are reviewed by a fully-convened IRB at a monthly meeting of the Board. The Board discusses the study and makes a decision about the approval of the study. This type of review is carried out for studies greater than minimal risk to subjects.
Studies are reviewed by a qualified member of the IRB. This member reviews the appropriate materials and consults with the PI, if necessary, to come to a decision about the approval of the study. This type of review is carried out for studies that involve minimal risk to subjects and fit into an expedited review category of research (see Review Categories). These reviews are conducted on an ongoing basis.
The IRB compliance staff screen studies for exemptions. If a study fits into an exempt category of research and is low risk to subjects, it will reviewed as exempt. If the study is not found to be exempt, it will need to go through expedited or full-committee review.
Exempt Review (from application submission to granting of exemption): 7 - 10 business days
Expedited Review (from application submission to primary review): 14 business days
Full-Committee Review (days after a monthly committee meeting): 7 days
Note on approval time: These times are averages for studies that are not assigned stipulations by the IRB or require additional information. Studies that are assigned stipulations will take an additional amount of time depending on how fast these stipulations are met and when they can be reviewed, either through expedited review or full-IRB review.
A change in protocol will be reviewed by the same method in which the study was first reviewed, either by the full-committee or through the expedited review process unless the change is minor and can be managed through expedited review. The Compliance Officer will route changes for review through the most rapid means possible.
- Concealment of the hypothesis is done in a majority of studies and the board does not take this type of concealment into consideration when reviewing studies.
- Concealment of some portion of the purpose or procedures occurs when the consent form or researcher does not tell the participant all of the procedures or the true and whole purpose of the study up front. This method is often used in studies that involve race or other issues in which knowing the purpose would bias participants.
- Deception occurs when false information is told or given to participants.
If deception or concealment is used in research the following four requirements must be met:
- The concealment or deception must be justified.
- The participant should be told in the consent form that some information is being withheld.
- A debriefing must be completed after the research to give the participant the complete information.
- The participant must have the option of withdrawing his or her data after the study.